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~What is Subsistence anyways?~

~Bibliography of resources used in this site~

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The History of Subsistence in Alaska

Prior to Statehood 1956 1958 1961 1971 1973 1974 1977 1978   1980 1981 1982   1985 1986 1988 1989 1990   1991   1992   1994 1997 1999   2000
Subsistence has been around longer than this country!

Alaska State Constitution created.

Congress passes Alaska Statehood Act. State of Alaska given authority over fish and game in state Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act President Nixon signs bill authorizing building of Trans-Alaskan pipeline. Pipeline construction begins


Alaskan Pipeline completed

State Subsistence Act Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act See this link.   Ballot Proposition #7 rejected by voters   Madison v. Alaska Department of Fish and Game 1986 State Subsistence Act Kenaitze Tribe v. State of Alaska McDowell v. State State fails to amend State Constitution Federal Subsistence Board Created "Non-subsistence areas" excluded from "subsistence priority" in law Katie John ruling   Olsen v. United States Alaska State Congress adjourned without amending the constitution Rural designation of Kenai Peninsula

The U.S. Constitution (1789): "Commerce Clause" (section 8) establishes that only Congress has the right to make treaties with Inidan tribes.

        Alaska Department of Fish and Game adopt subsistence priority policy                 Native Village of Quinhagak v. the United States   Bobby v. State of Alaska Federal Government takes over management of Federal lands in Alaska           Federal Government took over management of fisheries on Federal waters  
McCulloch v. Maryland (1817): established the precedence of federal law over state law in matters of commerce.                                

Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince Williams Sound 

Kluti Kaah Native Village of Copper Center et al. V. State of Alaska            
                                    Kwthuk IRA Council v. State of Alaska              


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