Alaska State Library, Winter and Pond Collection,
PCA 87-1050. NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM THE
ALASKA STATE LIBRARY. Alaska Natives
were legally prevented from establishing mining claims under the
terms of the mining act. As this photograph indicates, there were
other barriers preventing or discouraging Alaska Natives from
participating in the establishment of the social and economic
structures of modern Alaska.
- "What Rights To Land Have the
Alaska Natives?: The Primary Issue" By William L. Hensley, May
1966 -- With a new May 2001 introduction by the author.
- The Founding and Formation of the Northwest
Alaska Native Association, by William L. Hensley, March 28, 2000.
A letter on the formation of NANA.
IMPLEMENTATION STUDY, Proposals to the United States Congress
to implement recommendations of the Alaska Natives Commission pursuant
to P.L. 104-270, Alaska Federation Of Natives, December 1999. [From
the earliest days of the Alaska Federation of Natives there has been
a continued effort to advocate better cooperation and support by the
state and Federal governments for Alaska Native communities. Historically
there has been much better success with the Federal government. The
following recommendations are another effort to move further from
studies to action on the many social and governmental issues of rural
Alaska. ...Paul Ongtooguk]
Ways of Knowing: Experiences, Influences and Transitions of Tlingit
Women Becoming Leaders a Master's Thesis by Barbara Fleek member
of the Raven Moiety, Dry Bay Kwaan L’uknax.adi (Coho) Clan,
Xixch’ hit (Frog House).
ON RURAL GOVERNANCE & EMPOWERMENT: Find out about Alaska's COMMISSION
ON RURAL GOVERNANCE & EMPOWERMENT and read Rural Governance Commission
Final Report - June 30, 1999
3. Indians and Rockefellers: the Durable Cord," from Up
For Grabs, Daniel Jack Chasan, Madrona Publishers, Inc., 1977.
" Special rights, special interest groups - these are only the
milder criticisms applied when Native Americans, including Alaska
Natives, assert traditional rights based on Federal Indian Law. Daniel
Jack Chasan, better than any other writer I am aware of, captures
why these issues strike many as somehow just not right. Read the selection
carefully and then try to write why you agree or disagree with any
portion of it. Leave both overnight and then read the selection and
your written response again. Note especially what you make of the
Rockefeller - Indian property rights argument and why you think they
are similiar or differ. I don't expect this exercise will change many
minds one way or another but it might help to elevate the level of
discussion. Given the level of the discussion, this is no small thing."
- "ANCSA-RELATED SIDE EFFECTS,"
Kornelia Grabinska, Tanana Chiefs Conference, Inc., March 1983, From
Tanana Chiefs Conference, Inc., Interior Region Post ANCSA, Impact
Wants Only ‘Genuine’ Natives, Paul Ongtooguk, Tundra
Times (1990). Article in response to a slide show and presentation
on ANWR - the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska and oil development,
environmental concerns, the view of Alaska Natives.
- Conclusions and Recommendations of the
U.N. Experts Seminar on Indigenous Land Rights and Claims,
Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada, March 24-28, 1996
- Nunavut Government Structure and Political
of Federally recognized Native tribes - this is not an official
Bureau of Indian Affairs website - all public BIA websites are offline
due to litigation against the BIA. There is a different list - of
UNrecognized tribes here.
(Recognized in this context means the Federal government acknowledges
these as the governments which represent the Native peoples of these
and other material by and about Roy Peratrovich and Elizabeth Peratrovich
- The Alaska Native
Brotherhood was the first Alaska Native Organization to formally
press on the issue of granting Alaska Natives citizenship. It seems
unfortunate in retrospect the organization adopted a model of cultural
assimilation as the best means to move forward. An obvious counter
would be the Japanese or Koreans who felt no need to give up their
languages and cultures in order to succeed in a modern and technological
society. The important history of the organization is well represented
by on going work of John Hope. ...Paul Ongtooguk
- Sitnasuak Native Corporation
is one of the larger village corporations created as a part of
the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971. It has been a profitable
corporation and continues to invest in community of Nome while providing
a small dividend for shareholders. It has been especially significant
in providing jobs, economic development, and a positive identity for
Alaska Natives in a community where this has not always been the case.
This site has an excellent introduction to the work and background
of some of the best ivory carvers in Alaska. Ivory carving continues
to be an important part of many lives and a significant part of the
economy of many Alaska Natives and communities. ...Paul Ongtooguk
- "Berger Launches
ANCSA Hearings: Focus on Native Sovereignty," The Arctic Policy
Review, June 1984.
- The Eskimo and
the Land: Ownership and Utilization, Dorothy Jean Ray, paper
presented at the Thirteenth Alaskan Science Conference, August 25,
1962, Juneau, Alaska.
THE NATIVE BROTHERHOODS:
MODERN INTERTRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS ON THE NORTHWEST COAST,
By Philip Drucker,
Smithsonian Institution Bureau Of American Ethnology, Bulletin 168,
United States Government Printing Office, Washington: 1958
- TREATY WITH
- Excerpt from Daedalus:
Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
"American Indians, Blacks, Chicanos, and Puerto Ricans"
Other Government Documents
Alaska Statehood Act
Act of May 17, 1884
ELLIOTT TREATY, TREATY WITH THE DWAMISH, SUQUAMISH, ETC, 1855.